En Ru Cn
more than 27245564 people are playing CHAOS
Hangar

Mi-28

Crew: 2,

engine: 2 x Klimov TV3-117VM turboshaft, rated at 1620kW,

main rotor diameter: 18.6m, 

height: 4.4m, 

take-off weight: 11500kg, 

empty weight: 7890kg, 

fuel: 1337kg,

max speed: 300km/h,

cruising speed: 270km/h,

rate of climb: 13.6m/s,

service ceiling: 5800m,

hovering ceiling: 3500m,

range with max fuel: 460km


First flown in November 1982, and designed to fulfil the same role as the American AH-64 Apache which it generally resembles, the agile Mi-28 'Havoc' military helicopter was scheduled to enter full service with the CIS forces in 1992, but lost out to the Kamov Ka-50. The three prototypes had a conventional three-bladed tail rotor but this has since been replaced by a 'delta 3' x-configured rotor comprising two independent two-bladed propellers mounted on the same shaft. The gunner, seated in a heavily-armoured front cockpit ahead of the pilot, controls a 30mm cannon normally used on ground vehicles. This is mounted under the nose, which contains a low light level TV and FLIR night control systems. Stub wings, each fitted with two hardpoints, can carry AT-6 'Spiral' radio-guided ATMs, UV-20 pods, or fuel tanks. Infra-red suppressors and decoy dispensers are also fitted to the 'Havoc', which is designed to offer high survivability in battle.

PROGRAMME: Design started 1980 under Marat N Tishchenko; first of two flying Mi-28 prototypes (012) flew 10 November 1982; each prototype different: first and second (022) had upward-pointing exhaust diffusers and fixed undernose fairing for electro-optic equipment; first also had conventional three-blade tail rotor; second replaced this with the definitive "Delta-H" configuration. The first Mi-28A (032) introduced the definitive downward-pointing exhaust suppressors and flew in January 1988; second Mi-28A prototype (042) demonstrated at Moscow in 1992 and represented the intended production configuration. It had the definitive moving E-O sensor turret undernose, downward-pointing exhaust diffusers and wingtip electronics/chaff dispenser pods; small-scale pre-series production planned, but not initiated, by Rostvertol, Rostov-on-Don, which stated in mid-2001 that it was ready to begin series production.

CURRENT VERSIONS:

Mi-28: First two prototypes with 1,434kW TV3-117BM engines and VR-28 gearbox.

Mi-28A (Type 280): Basic version, as described in detail, Third and fourth aircraft built.

Mi-28N: (Nochnoy: Night): Unofficial names: Night Hunter and Night Pirate. Added night/all-weather operating capability. Russian Army funding announced January 1994; demonstrator (014) modified from first Mi-28 prototype (012); first hover 14 November 1995; formal roll-out 16 August 1996; first flight 30 April 1997. Mast-mounted 360° scan millimetre wave Kinzhal V or Arbalet radar (pod soon enlarged in vertical plane); FLIR ball beneath missile-guidance nose radome and above new shuttered turret for optical/laser sensors, including Zenit low-light-level TV. EFIS cockpit. Armament of production version to include 9M114 Shturm (AT-6 'Spiral') or 9M120 Vikhr/Ataka (AT-12 'Swinger') ASMs and Igla (SA-16 'Gimlet') AAMs and R-73 AAMs. New composites rotor with sweptback blade tips added subsequently. Mi-28N introduced uprated VR-29 transmission and IKBO integrated flight/weapon aiming system, with automatic terrain-following and automatic target search, detection, identification and (in formations of Mi-28Ns) allocation; Ramenskoye Breo-28N mission control system.

Second prototype Mi-28N due for completion in first quarter of 2003 and will undertake bulk of state testing, which expected to occupy minimum of three and maximum of five years, after which it is intended to begin quantity production for the Russian armed forces and export customers.

Total of five trials Mi-28Ns to be built by Rostvertol; TV3-117VMA engines initially, but 1,839kW Klimov VK-2500s to be installed later. Second helicopter funded jointly by Rostvertol and Southwest Sberbank.

Versions projected for naval amphibious assault support and air-to-air missions.

Technical data for Mi-28

Crew: 2,

engine: 2 x Klimov TV3-117VM turboshaft, rated at 1620kW,

main rotor diameter: 17.2m,

length with rotors turning: 21.6m,

height: 3.82m,

take-off weight: 11200kg,

empty weight: 7000kg,

fuel: 1337kg,

max speed: 300km/h,

cruising speed: 270km/h,

rate of climb: 13.6m/s,

service ceiling: 5800m,

hovering ceiling: 3500m,

range with max fuel: 460km

Other model helicopters:Ka-58, RAH-66 Comanche, UH-60 Black Hawk, AH-64 Apache, Ka-52 Alligator, PAH-2 Eurocopter, Ka-50 Black Shark, AH-1W Super Cobra, Mi-24 Hint, Mi-8 Hip, AS-332 Super Puma, UH-1 Iroqoies, MD-500