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Mi-8

The Mil Mi-8 (NATO reporting name: Hip) is a medium twin-turbine transport helicopter that can also act as a gunship. The Mi-8 is the world's most-produced helicopter, and is used by over 50 countries. Russia is the largest operator of the Mi-8/Mi-17 helicopter.

The prototype V-8 was designed in 1960 based on the Mil Mi-4 with a larger cabin. Powered by a 2,010 kW (2,700 shp) Soloviev turboshaft engine, the V-8 first flew in July 1961. The second prototype equipped with two 1,120 kW (1,500 shp) Isotev TV2 engines, made its first flight on 17 September 1962. For the production version the rotor was changed from a four blades to five blades in 1964. After a few changes it was introduced into the Soviet Air Force by 1967 as the Mi-8.

There are numerous variants, including the Mi-8T which is armed with rockets and anti-tank guided missiles, in addition to carrying 24 troops. The Mil Mi-17 export version is employed by around 20 countries; its equivalent in Russian service in the Mi-8M series. The naval Mil Mi-14 and attack Mil Mi-24 are also derived from the Mi-8. The Mi-8 remains in production in 2009.

General characteristics

Crew: Three – two pilots and one engineer

Capacity: 30 troops or 12 stretchers or 4,000 kg (8,820 lb) cargo internally /5,000 kg (11,023 lb) externally slung.

Length: 18.465 m (60 ft 7 in)

Rotor diameter: 21.25 m (69 ft 10½ in)

Height: 4.76 m (15 ft 7¼ in)

Disc area: 356 m² (3,834 ft²)

Empty weight: 7,489 kg (16,510 lb)

Loaded weight: 11,100 kg (24,470 lb)

Max takeoff weight: 13,000 kg (28,660 lb)

Powerplant: 2 × Klimov TV3-117VM turboshafts, 1,633 kW (2,190 shp) each

Performance

Maximum speed: 250 km/h (135 knots, 155 mph)

Range: 465 km (251 nmi, 289 mi) (standard fuel)

Service ceiling: 6,000 m (19,690 ft)

Rate of climb: 8 m/s (1,575 ft/min)

Armament

up to 1,500 kg (3,300 lb) of disposable stores on six hardpoints, including bombs, rockets, and gunpods.

Other model helicopters:Ka-58, RAH-66 Comanche, UH-60 Black Hawk, AH-64 Apache, Ka-52 Alligator, PAH-2 Eurocopter, Ka-50 Black Shark, AH-1W Super Cobra, Mi-24 Hint, Mi-8 Hip, AS-332 Super Puma, UH-1 Iroqoies, MD-500