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Hangar

Westland Lynx

Specifications:
Crew: 2-3 people
Length with rotors: 15.16 m
Fuselage length: 12.06 meters
Height: 3.5 m
Main rotor diameter: 12.8 m
Tail rotor diameter: 2.21 m
Rotor swept area: 128.71 m ²
Tail rotor swept area: 3.87 m ²
Empty weight: 2660 kg
Weight Maximum Takeoff: 4355 kg
Engines: Rolls-Royce "Jam" 2 (2 × 671 kW)
Maximum speed: 260 km / h
Economical cruising speed: 130 km / h
Range: 630 km
Ferry range: 1340 km
Static ceiling, excluding the effect of land: 3230 m


The appearance of a British helicopter "Lynx" is not amazing: the typical civilian car, something reminiscent of the widespread "civilian" helicopters firmyBell. There is no aggression in him America's "Apache" or Mi-24. Meanwhile, the "Links" - that military aid. Repeated attempts to firm Westland "attach" it to the civil service did not have much success. Battle "Lynx" with "civil" appearance became the hallmark of the British helicopter industry, and its naval version - one of the most popular in the world ship-based helicopters.

First, as is now fashionable to be expressed, the presentation of "Lynx" was held at the Paris Airshow in 1969, where he was represented by a full-size package of the helicopter. The first flight of the prototype N1 held March 21, 1971, eight months later than planned. For the first prototype was followed by three more. To simplify the identification of the flight, they were entirely painted in different colors: the helicopter N1 - yellow, N2 - a gray, N3 - in red and N4 - in blue.

BS.360 engine power when testing was less than estimated, that did not stop the helicopter reach the speed of 302 km / h All four prototypes were built in the multi-purpose version for the Army, in ski gear and had an incomplete set of equipment. With two helicopters in the tests there were serious flight accidents. The first prototype of a fire engine made an emergency landing. After the restoration was demonstrated at the air show Farnborough 72. August 29, 1974 On the airfield Yovila fell from a height of 18 m and the fourth prototype helicopter. The accident occurred due to the destruction of the gear due to lack of lubrication. Helicopter canceled. The fifth prototype first flew on April 12, 1972 th, was a full-fledged military option, designed for the British Army. He was given the designation of the Academy of Sciences Mk.1. The helicopter was painted not for the bright decorative colors, and had a camouflage color. The following seven experimental machines were intended for testing in conjunction with the military.

Since the Iranian revolution in the Persian Gulf for a long time remained an explosive situation, from time to time of transition in the war. To protect the ships of the British Navy shipping, along with American and Soviet (Russian), beginning with the 80s patrolling the waters of the Gulf. "Lynx" HAS Mk.3GM used to search for mines and fight against the "unidentified" speedboats. Before the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait, this activity was at most a routine. But during the operation "Desert Storm", "Lynx" re-flashed. Helicopters, armed with all the same SIC "Cu Skew" set the task does not allow the torpedo boats and ships of the enemy out of the middle class to the impact position. Air operations in Operation "Desert Storm" repeatedly and in detail in our covered (including those in the "Wings of Motherland") and the foreign press, but focused on fighting aircraft. On the application of helicopters, especially the sea, yet little is known.

29 January 1991. "Lynx" to frigate "Brasil" and destroyer "Gloucester" attacked the RCC "C Skew" a group of 17 Iraqi frontier boats and landing craft. As a result, four were sunk or damaged 12 ships. The same day the "Links" the destroyer "Cardiff" drowned a large border cutter. The next day, again distinguished himself, "Lynx" the destroyer "Gloucester": rocket "C Skew" he destroyed minesweeper T-43 Soviet-built. The entire crew of the trawler was killed and the ship burned. Later in the afternoon the same helicopter missile boat sank TS45, captured by Iraq from Kuwait. A few days later, the "Links" the destroyer "Cardiff" fire to the bottom of yet another T-43.

The data on the losses the Iraqi Navy, however, as the loss of the Air Force, is extremely controversial. It was reported that the "Links" sunk or seriously damaged 13 Iraqi ships, including amphibious assault ship of the Soviet construction (800 tons displacement) and the salvage ship (1,600 tons displacement). At the same time in five episodes of the war with "Lynx", described above, were sunk or damaged 20 ships. Where the truth is uncertain, but in this case is much more important than the exact number of ships sunk by the fact of the successful accomplish the mission. The last operation, which was attended by the sea "Lynx", became a blockade of the coast of Yugoslavia. Before the fighting in the Adriatic, fortunately, never came, and "Lynx" is not the case presented itself once again demonstrate its combat capabilities.

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